Mitundu yachilengedwe

mitundu yazachilengedwe

Zachilengedwe Ndiwo chilengedwe chomwe chimapangidwa ndi gulu la zamoyo zomwe zimalumikizana wina ndi mnzake komanso ndi chilengedwe chomwe amakhalamo. Pali maubale ambiri omwe amapezeka pakati pa mitundu ya zamoyo komanso pakati pa anthu amtundu womwewo. Zamoyo zimafunikira malo okhala ndipo izi ndi zomwe timatcha chilengedwe. M'dera lomwe limakhala nthawi zambiri limatchedwa biotope kapena biome. Pali zachilengedwe zingapo zomwe zimapezeka padziko lonse lapansi ndipo chilichonse chili ndi zinyama ndi nyama zomwe zimapangidwa ndi geology komanso chilengedwe.

M'nkhaniyi mudzadziwa zonse za mitundu yazachilengedwe ndi makhalidwe omwe aliyense ali nawo. Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zomwe ali? Pitilizani kuwerenga.

Zamoyo zapadziko lapansi

Zamoyo zapadziko lapansi

Mwa mitundu yazachilengedwe zapadziko lapansi, malo omwe zinthu zamoyo zimakhalira ziyenera kuganiziridwa. Malo omwe maubwenzi amakonzedwa ndikukhazikitsidwa pakati pawo amadziwika kuti biosphere. Chilengedwechi chimachitika pansi komanso pansi. Zinthu zomwe titha kuzipeza munthawi yamtunduwu zimakhazikitsidwa ndi zinthu monga chinyezi, kutentha, kutalika ndi kutalika.

Izi zinayi ndizofunikira pakukula kwa moyo mdera lina. Sizofanana kuti kutentha kumangotsika kuposa zero kuposa madigiri 20. Tikhozanso kukhazikitsa kuchuluka kwa mvula yapachaka ngati kusinthasintha kwakukulu. Mpweya woterewu ndi womwe ungatsimikizire mtundu wa moyo womwe ungakhalepo mozungulira iwo. Nyama ndi zomera zomwe zili mozungulira m'mitsinje sizofanana ndi zomwe titha kupeza m'chipululu.

Kuchuluka kwa chinyezi ndi kutentha komwe kulipo, komanso kutsika pang'ono ndi madera, malo azachilengedwe osiyanasiyana komanso osiyanasiyana. Nthawi zambiri amakhala olemera m'mitundu ndipo amakhala ndi mamiliyoni olumikizana pakati pa mitundu yazachilengedwe ndi chilengedwe. Zosiyana kwambiri ndizomwe zimachitika ndi zachilengedwe zomwe zimamera kumtunda komanso ndi chinyezi chochepa komanso kutentha.

Mwambiri, zamoyo zapadziko lapansi ndizosiyanasiyana ndipo zimakhala zolemera kwambiri kuposa zam'madzi. Izi zimachitika chifukwa cha kuwala kochuluka, kutentha kuchokera padzuwa komanso kosavuta kupeza chakudya.

Zamoyo zam'madzi

Zamoyo zam'madzi

Mtundu wamtunduwu ndi waukulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, chifukwa umakhudza 70% yapadziko lapansi. Nyanja zili ndi malo akuluakulu ndipo madzi ake amakhala ndi mchere wochuluka kwambiri kotero kuti zamoyo zimatha kupezeka paliponse.

M'zinthu zachilengedwe izi timapeza madera akulu monga udzu wa m'nyanja wa algae, fumaroles wakuya kwakukulu ndi miyala yamchere yamchere.

Zamoyo zamchere

Zamoyo zamchere

Ngakhale amalowa m'malo azachilengedwe zam'madzi, mphamvu ndi ubale pakati pa zamoyo sizofanana m'madzi amchere monga m'madzi amchere. Malo osungira madzi abwino ndi omwe amapanga nyanja ndi mitsinje yomwe imagawidwa m'magulu a lentic, lotic, ndi madambo.

Machitidwe a lentic amapangidwa ndi nyanja ndi maiwe. Mawu oti lentic amatanthauza kuthamanga komwe madzi amayendera. Poterepa, gululi ndilotsika kwambiri. Zida zimapangidwa m'madzi amtunduwu kutengera kutentha ndi mchere. Apa ndipomwe epilimnion, thermocline ndi hypolimnion zimawonekera. Machitidwe a lotic ndi omwe madzi amayenda mwachangu, monga mitsinje ndi mitsinje. Nthawi izi, madzi amayenda mwachangu chifukwa chofuna kupuma komanso mphamvu yokoka.

Madambo ndi malo okhala zamoyo zambiri chifukwa amakhala ndi madzi. Ndizabwino kwambiri pakadutsa mbalame zosamuka ndi iwo omwe amadyetsa kusefa monga ma flamingo.

M'zinthu zamtunduwu mumakhala mitundu ina ya zinyama zazing'ono ndi zazing'ono zomwe zimakhalapo. Sitife akulu, popeza alibe malo ambiri oti apange.

Zamoyo zam'chipululu

zachilengedwe za m'chipululu

Popeza mvula m'chipululu ndiyotsika kwambiri, momwemonso zomera ndi zinyama. Zamoyo zomwe zili m'malo amenewa zimakhala ndi mwayi wopulumuka chifukwa chazosintha zaka masauzande ambiri. Poterepa, momwe ubale wapakati pa zamoyo umakhala wocheperako, zinthu zowongolera kuti chilengedwe chisasweke. Chifukwa chake, nyama ikakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi mtundu wina uliwonse wazachilengedwe, timapeza kugogoda kwakukulu.

Ndipo ndikuti ngati mtundu winawake uchepetsa kwambiri anthu, titha kuwononga mitundu ina yambiri. M'malo achilengedwewa timapeza zomera monga cacti ndi zitsamba zina zotuluka bwino. Zinyama zimakhala ndi mitundu ina ya zokwawa, mbalame ndi zinyama zina zazing'ono komanso zazing'ono. Izi ndi mitundu yomwe imatha kusintha malowa.

Malo okhala mapiri

zachilengedwe zamapiri

Mtundu wamtunduwu umadziwika ndi kupumula kwake. Ndipo ndikuti kumtunda kwakutali zomera ndi zinyama sangathe kukula bwino. M'madera amenewa zamoyo zosiyanasiyana sizochuluka kwambiri. Imatsika pamene tikukwera mmwamba. Phazi la phirili nthawi zambiri limakhala ndi mitundu yambiri ndipo pamakhala kulumikizana pakati pa mitunduyo ndi chilengedwe.

Mwa mitundu yomwe timapeza m'malo amenewa tili ndi mimbulu, chamois ndi ibex. Palinso nyama zolusa monga ziombankhanga ndi ziwombankhanga. Mitundu imayenera kusintha mogwirizana ndi mapangidwe ndikudzibisa yokha kuti zitsimikizire kupulumuka komanso kusasaka wina ndi mnzake.

Zachilengedwe zankhalango

Malo okhala nkhalango

Malo okhala zachilengedwe a nkhalango amadziwika ndi kukhala kuchuluka kwa mitengo yayikulu komanso zinyama ndi zinyama zambiri. Pali mitundu yambiri yazachilengedwe zomwe timalandira nkhalango, nkhalango zotentha, nkhalango zowuma ndi taiga. Mitengo yomwe imachulukana pamodzi, m'pamenenso padzakhala zamoyo zosiyanasiyana.

Kutalika kumatenga gawo lofunikira pakukhala ndi zomera. Kutalika kwakumtunda, kuthamanga pang'ono ndi mpweya zilipo. Chifukwa chake, mitengo sikukula kuchokera mamita 2500 pamwamba pa nyanja.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi nkhaniyi ndizomveka bwino mitundu yazachilengedwe.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

bool (zoona)