Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa zamakhalidwe abwino ndi deontology?

deontology

Mawu chikhalidwe zimachokera ku chikhalidwe chachi Greek, chomwe chimafotokoza zamakhalidwe amunthu malinga ndi chikhalidwe chake. Ndi nthambi ya filosofi yomwe imaphunzira zomwe miyambo zamakhalidwe zomwe zimakhudza zochita zathu komanso maziko ake. Izi mwanjira ina sayansi yamakhalidwe oyesera kusiyanitsa chabwino ndi choipa. Cholinga chamakhalidwe abwino ndikutanthauzira machitidwe a amuna kuti akwaniritse anthu zabwino ndi chisangalalo cha onse.

Mawu deontology, popeza imachokera ku Chigiriki, makamaka kuchokera ku liwu loti deontos, limatanthauza ntchito. Nthambi yamakhalidwe abwino yomwe imakhazikitsa maziko a ntchito za munthu kutengera chikhalidwe. Deontology imagwiritsidwa ntchito padziko lonse lapansi mwa kukhazikitsa gulu la malamulo ndiudindo woyenera kukhala nawo pantchito kapena malonda. Mosiyana ndi chikhalidwe profesional, lomwe limatanthauzira zomwe munthu amawona kuti ndizoyenera pamakhalidwe ake pantchito yake, chikhalidwe profesional Ndondomeko yamalamulo yomwe imagwira ntchito kwa akatswiri onse.

Ngati simukudziwa bwinobwino zomwe akutanthauza, mawonekedwe ake, komanso kusiyana kwawo, lero tidzakutulutsani mukukayika kwanu mphindi zochepa.

Makhalidwe 

Tanthauzo la zamakhalidwe

Ziyenera kunenedwa choncho mawu oti 'Ethics', amachokera ku Chigriki, 'Ethos'. Mawuwa amatanthauza 'komwe munthu amakhala'. Zachidziwikire, pamapeto pake zimasintha mpaka pomwe zidakhala ndi za 'mawonekedwe' kapena 'njira yakukhalira'. Nthawi zina, chikhalidwe nthawi zambiri chimasokonezedwa ndi chikhalidwe. Chowonadi ndichakuti ngakhale ali kutali kwambiri, ali ndiubwenzi wabwino. Ngakhale kuti tipewe kukayikira, titha kunena kuti tikamayankhula zamakhalidwe, timanena za zikhalidwe zonse zomwe zimaperekedwa kuchokera kunja, ndiye kuti, ndi anthu.

Ethics itha kutanthauziridwa ngati njira zokhazikika zomwe zimabwera kuchokera mkati. Ndiye kuti, adzakhudza zochita zathu ndi machitidwe athu, chifukwa zimachokera mumunthu wathu komanso momwe timakhalira. Ngati mungadabwe kuti cholinga chamakhalidwe abwino ndi chiyani, tikuwuzani kuti ndikutanthauzira machitidwe a abambo ndi amai kuti tikwaniritse dziko labwino.

Piramidi yamakhalidwe abwino

Kuti tikhale achindunji kwambiri, chikhalidwe ndi udindo womwe umatipangitsa kuti tidzipangire tokha payekha, zisankho zomwe timapanga kuti tikhale anthu abwinoko. Pazinthu zonsezi, zimawerengedwa ngati sayansi yomwe imagwira ntchito ndi malamulo okhudza machitidwe amunthu. Chilichonse chokhudzana ndi ndege zamakhalidwe abwino chakhala chikuphunziridwa bwino. Mwachitsanzo, Aristotle Anatinso zabwino zimatheka pokhapokha munthu atakhala ndi chidwi chake. Patapita nthawi, Mapazi adatsimikiza kuti munthu ali ndi ufulu wakudzisankhira, pokhala ndi udindo panjira ya moyo wake. Ndi iye yekha amene amatha kuwongolera malingaliro monga chidani, chisangalalo kapena chikondi kuti athe kuzisintha kuti apeze moyo wabwino. Kwa Socrates, ukoma unali wabwino kwambiri, pomwe choyipa chinali umbuli.

Zachidziwikire, lero, zamakhalidwe asonkhezeredwa ndi Sigmund Freud psychoanalysis. Monga tikudziwira, ndi lingaliro lomwe cholinga chake ndikulongosola zamakhalidwe a anthu, kuwunika zina zomwe zimayamba kale muubwana. Tikudziwa kale tanthauzo lake komanso mawonekedwe ake, koma ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti nthawi yamakhalidwe amakhalanso ndi nthambi zosiyanasiyana monga malamulo kapena kutsatira.

Chitsanzo cha malamulo amakhalidwe abwino:

  • Chinsinsi chachipatala mu ntchito ukhondo ndikuletsa kufotokozera zambiri za odwala.
  • Chinsinsi cha akatswiri cha oweruza milandu ndikuletsa kufotokozera zambiri za makasitomala ake.
  • Kuletsa komwe wapolisi wa wapolisi gwiritsani ntchito malo anu kuti mupindule nawo.

Chidziwitso

Malamulo a deontology

Mwa machitidwe oyendetsera zinthu tidzapeza otchedwa deontology. Kuchokera pazomwe tinganene za izi kuti ndi nthambi yamakhalidwe abwino. Chiyambi chake cha etymological chimachokera ku Chigriki. Yopangidwa ndi 'Deontos' kutanthauza 'ntchito ndi udindo' komanso 'logy' yomwe imamveka ngati kafukufuku. Deontology amadziwika kuti 'chiphunzitso cha ntchito'. Kuchokera pazomwe titha kunena kuti tikamanena zamakhalidwe abwino, tikungonena zamalamulo ndi zina zomwe zikuchitika pazochitika zamaluso.

Chomveka ndikuti ambiri mwa akatswiri ali ndi malamulo amakhalidwe abwino. Zofunikira ndi ulemu pantchito zimapangidwa mmenemo. Ngakhale izi zitha kukhazikitsidwa ndi zomwe munthu aliyense amadziwa. Ndibwino kuti nthawi zonse muziwona ngati zitsanzo.

Mwachitsanzo, pa zamankhwala zododometsa zitha kukhala zachinsinsi kapena ubale wa dotolo ndi odwala ake. Padziko la utolankhani, limodzi mwa malamulo omwe angatsatire ndikutsutsana ndi zomwe zanenedwe musanazisindikize kapena kuteteza magwero komwe amapeza zambiri. Zonsezi zikakwaniritsidwa, azikatsatira malangizo omwe adakhazikitsidwa ndi deontology. Ngakhale nthawi zina, zimawoneka kuti machitidwe amakhalidwe abwino.

Kusiyana pakati pamakhalidwe ndi deontology 

Ethics kapena deontology

Kusiyanitsa kwakukulu ndikuti deontology ndiye malamulo omwe ayenera kutsatira. Ngakhale machitidwe sakhazikitsidwa, koma ndizochitika zomwe munthu aliyense amayang'ana kuti athe kusankha chabwino, choyipa ndi chomwe chimamupangitsa kukhala wosangalala. Makhalidwe samakakamizidwa kuchokera kunja, koma munthu aliyense amadzipangira yekha malingaliro kapena zikhalidwe zingapo.

Zikomo moyo ndi ziphunzitso zake, tidzadziwa omwe tiyenera kutsatira tsiku ndi tsiku. Chifukwa chake njira izi zomwe timatenga zimakhudzidwa ndi chikhalidwe. Kukhala motere machitidwe omwe ife tokha timasiyana kutengera zomwe tikukhala.

  • Makhalidwe: Nthawi zambiri amakhazikika pazabwino, popanda malamulo. Zimatanthauza chikumbumtima chathu.
  • Deontology: Ndizokhazikika pantchito. Ili ndi miyezo ndi ma code, opangidwira akatswiri osiyanasiyana pantchito. Ili pakati pa chikhalidwe ndi lamulo.

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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