Kodi mapu enieni ndi mapu andale ndi ati?

Mapu enieni a Spain

Tonsefe timadziwa kuti mamapu ndi mtundu wa zojambula, zomwe zikuyimira magawo kapena zigawo. Zachidziwikire, kuti muphunzire mozama kwambiri, tili ndi mamapu osiyanasiyana. Lero tiwona zomwe ali komanso zomwe mapu andale komanso akuthupi amationetsera.

Njira yabwino yophunzirira zonse zomwe zatizungulira: kuyambira gawo lachilengedwe lodziwika bwino, mpaka magawano ake.

Mamapu akuthupi 

Mapu apadziko lonse lapansi

Mamapu akuthupi ndi chida chojambulira komwe mawonekedwe apadziko lapansi akuyimiriridwa. Ndiye kuti, mawonekedwe onse amtundu womwewo kapena omwe amadziwika kuti ngozi zachilengedwe ndi morphological. Pakati pawo timapeza mapiri, mitsinje kapena zipululu ndi nyanja.

Mumapu amtunduwu gwiritsani ntchito mitundu poyerekeza gawo lililonse. Kuphatikiza apo, imaseweredwa mwamphamvu chimodzimodzi kuti athe kuwonetsa kukwezeka komanso kuya kwa malowo. Mwachitsanzo, madzi ozungulira gombe, nthawi zambiri amawoneka ndi buluu lowala. Ngakhale nyanja zikuluzikulu, mutha kuziwona mumawu amtambo kwambiri. Tikutero chifukwa chakuti nyanja ndi zakuya kwambiri kuposa nyanja.

Zomwezo zimachitika ndikobiriwira kwambiri komwe kumayimira Kuwonongeka kwamtunda. Zigwa zobiriwira bwino komanso utoto wachikaso kwambiri zimabweretsa mapiriwo. Brown cholinga chake ndikuwonetsa mapiri koma tikawona bulauni wakuda kwambiri komanso wakuda, zidzakhala chifukwa kuli mapiri kumeneko. Zachidziwikire, onse, kuphatikiza pa mitundu, ali ndi mayina awo, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti kafukufukuyu akhale ozama. Ndi mamapu akuthupi titha kupeza zonsezi ndikuzitcha mayina.

Mamapu andale 

Mapu apadziko lonse andale

Tikamanena za mapu andale, timanena za magawano kapena mabungwe andale zadziko. Ndiye kuti Kugawidwa kwamayiko, mizinda kapena zigawo. Kuphatikiza pa izi, pali mapu ena omwe amatiuzanso komwe kuli masitima apamtunda komanso misewu kapena njira zolumikizirana zomwe mungatsatire kuti musunthe kupita kumalo ena.

Mitunduyi ilinso yayikulu pamapu amtunduwu. Zachidziwikire pankhaniyi, dziko lirilonse limaimiridwa ndi utoto. Kuphatikiza apo, mizere yomwe imadutsa dera lililonse ikuyimira malire andale. Mizinda imayimilidwa ndi kadontho, koma likulu lilinso, koma lokulirapo.

Mosakayikira, mamapu andale komanso mapangidwe ake ndi zida zofunikira pophunzirira. Pankhani ya wandale, itithandizanso kuzindikira ulamuliro wandale komanso ubale kapena mavuto ndi mayiko oyandikana nawo.

Kusiyanitsa pakati pa mapu akuthupi ndi andale

Mapu akuthupi

Mamapu akuthupi ndi andale amathandizana pochita kafukufuku wamayiko ndi dziko lapansi. Mwina chifukwa ndi zotsutsana koma amafunikirabe.

  • Mapu akuthupi amaphatikizapo kuphunzira za mtunda, kusiyana kwa kupumula padziko lapansi. Izi zimamasulira mapiri, zigwa, madambo, kapena mitsinje.
  • Mapu andale amatenga magawo ngati mizinda, zigawo kapena zigawo.

Ngati mukufuna kutsitsa mapu akuthupi kapena andale kuti musindikize, mutha kutero positi yathu yoperekedwa kwa mapu apadziko lonse lapansi.

 


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